Physical Development, Health & Wellbeing

To enjoy healthy, active and fulfilling lives, children and young people must learn to respond positively to challenges, be enterprising and handle risk and to develop self-confidence and physical capabilities. 

This area of learning lays the foundations for long-term wellbeing and contributes to their mental, social, emotional, economic and physical development. It is central to their development as confident individuals.

Children and young people learn about their changing bodies and the importance of nutrition and rest for a healthy, balanced lifestyle. Through sport and other physical activities, they learn to increase body control, coordination and dexterity. They also learn about their responsibilities both as individuals and members of groups and teams.

Children and young people learn to cooperate and to compete fairly, understanding their own and others’ roles. As they become more confident, learners develop a growing self-awareness and a commitment to self-improvement so they can make informed decisions that lead to happy and healthy lives. They raise their aspirations, set goals and work to achieve them, seeing how this will influence their opportunities in education, leisure and in the world of work.


Learners should build secure knowledge of the following:

  • healthy living depends upon a balance of physical activity, nutrition, leisure, work and rest to promote wellbeing.
  • physical competence and performance can be improved through practice, control and dexterity as well as creative thinking and commitment.
  • good interpersonal relationships promote personal wellbeing and are sustained through a positive sense of personal identity and respect for similarities and differences.
  • personal well being depends upon high aspirations and the development of financial and enterprise capability.
  • challenge and risk can be managed through well-informed choices that lead to safe, full and active lives.


Learners should build secure knowledge of the following: 

  • Health & Wellbeing
  • Relationships 
  • Living in the Wider World *

* The elements of economic well-being, rights and responsibilities, careers, and the world of work are covered in the Financial Literacy, Citizenship and Careers documents.

Physical Education : 20 fun games
See how PE & PSHE fits into the overall curriculum